Agriculture is responsible for lives and livelihoods. Water is an essential component of this sector. Changes in precipitation pattern will affect the crop yields, especially those of rain-fed crops.


The impacts of climate change on water resources are in various dimensions like variable precipitation pattern in terms of both temporal and spatial variability, melting of glaciers, sea level changes, and so on.

Climate Change

Water resource is becoming scarce as the supply and demand gap is enlarging, and the most important issues that arise are water management and allocation of water among various competing users.


Modelling can be done in various forms for different hydrological regimes like ground water, surface water, assessing water balance, and so on.

Hydrological and

The rapid pace of globalization, urbanization and mass tourism is threatening mountain ecosystems and posing a serious threat to the stability of glaciers by way of increasing glacier meltdown and corresponding shrinkage of glaciers.


Good water governance is the product of effective policies and their interpretation, effective decision-support instruments, appropriate monitoring frameworks and adaptive management.

Governance and Management of Water Resources

A participatory approach should be adopted to efficiently manage water resources. Each and every stakeholder - users, planners, and especially women - should be involved in managing and developing the resources.

Integrated Water Resources Management

Management of lake involves a holistic approach in managing not only the water resources, but also the great biodiversity of our globe.

Lake Management

River basins sustain ecosystems that are the main source of water for households, agriculture and industry, and fulfill many non-consumptive uses.

River Basin Management

Natural resources have a transboundary nature, and are a geopolitical issue. There are approximately 260 international rivers across the world that account for 80% of global river flows.

Transboundary Issues

Sharing of innovations in water conservation and harvesting technologies in different regions need a common platform in order to enhance the adaptation process.

Water Conservation and Harvesting

Water is an indispensable input in industrial sector; some industries are major consumers of water and others generate large amounts of wastewater.

Water in Industries

Access to safe water is a basic human right, and better quality and efficient treatment is the key to it.

Water Quality and Treatment

Social cost-benefit analysis of water supply and sanitation has proved that the benefits of providing access to water supply and sanitation exceeds the cost of not taking any action on these issues.

Water Supply and Sanitation

Watershed management requires judicious use of natural resources with active involvement of institutions and organizations, and considering water requirement of ecosystems as a priority.

Watershed Management

Wetlands are the most important 'cradles' of biodiversity as they are in the vicinity of water and land, and are most conducive for rare species to survive and evolve.


On the basis of the priorities of the South Asian region, the focal themes that have been identified for the Knowledge Hub are - impacts of climate change on water resources, equitable allocation of scarce resources among various competing users, adaptive strategies and water management. We have identified 16 main research themes encompassing the above mentioned focal themes.

If you would like to comment on our broad thematic structure, give your inputs.

The Knowledge Hub is defined as a center of excellence promoting knowledge exchange and capacity development on priority water topics by Asian Development Bank. The role of this Hub is to conduct and encourage research, provide advocacy, and share experiences and technologies with the members of the Hub. Know more...

Member Countries

The Knowledge Hub will cater to the information needs of 8 partner countries in South Asia, namely Afghanistan, Bhutan, Burma, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The Hub intends to establish a membership model to facilitate communication among these countries. Under this framework, the members will have privileged access and right to contribute to exclusive research findings, technical expertise, advocacy, and will be associated with extensive network of APWF's (Asia Pacific Water Forum) knowledge hubs. We have invited all partner countries to become members of the Hub.

Following organizations have expressed their interest till date

  • International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD), Nepal
  • International Water Management Institute (IWMI), Sri Lanka
  • International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), India
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Chennai (IIT, Chennai), India
  • National Institute of Hydrology (NIH), India
  • Saci WATERS, India
  • Centre for River Basin Organisations and Management (CRBOM), Indonesia
  • National Hydraulic Research Institute of Malaysia (NAHRIM), Malaysia

If you would like to be a member of the Hub, fill the EOI form and we will respond soon to your membership request.

Create Knowledge Base

The Gateway to the Knowledge Hub intends to develop a knowledge base of current research in water and climate change adaptation in the form of best practices, articles, reports, white papers, and so on. By creating a dynamic, multidisciplinary online learning environment, this Gateway plans to bring together professionals and organizations from the water sector to engage in collective action on the key issues related to water security and management.

We would like you to contribute to this knowledge base so that it can evolve into a reliable and up-to-date resource for various stakeholders in the water sector.

  • Best Practices/ Case Studies

    We encourage you to share the most relevant case studies on climate change adaptation and water management from your country, highlighting the innovative strategies employed by local communities to ensure water security.

  • Database of Experts

    We invite experts in the water sector to get integrated as an important link in our network. As an expert, the Gateway provides you a platform to exhibit your skills and expertise to the world.

  • Directory of Institutes/ Organizations

    We invite organizations in the water sector to use the Gateway as a platform to extend their reach, and build relationships with other organizations working on water and climate change related issues.

    Submit details

  • Databank of White papers, Reports

    We invite you to submit white papers, industry analysis reports, and research studies to help build a comprehensive databank of information on water and climate change adaptation. Please help us grow our content!

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Share your Views

By sharing your views you can facilitate intra and interregional flow of ideas, experiences, and technologies among the partner countries to aid in adapting to climate change impacts on water resources.

We welcome you to express your thoughts and share your experiences on the theme of 'Water Security' in order to convert them into strategic actions that could be adopted. The topic given below is currently open for discussion.

To be able to contribute, you need to be a member of the Gateway. If you are not a member already, register here.

[Water Security] Fostering Regional Cooperation
To introduce water security in South Asia, observations and inputs are sought on science, economics and politics of regional cooperation to address the water security related issues.
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Get Involved

Would you like to be a part of an open and inclusive community working together to develop a sustainable water agenda in the South Asian region, and play an active role in realizing a shared water vision?

To become a member of the Gateway, fill the registration form given below.

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